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Saturday, November 6, 2010

Pura Puncak Penulisan (Penulisan Peak Temple)

Pura Puncak Penulisan is located 1745 from the sea about 3 km from Kintamani or 30 km from the capital city of Bangli, on the east side of the road part of Denpasar - Singaraja. Based on Bali ejection ancient writing is said that Hill is also called the Bukit Tunggal because they stay separate from the chain of mountains stretching from west to east, as if Bali divide into two parts: North and South.
Around the 9th century on the summit of Mount Temple was built Writing Tegeh Koripan better known as the Pura Pucak Writing because it is located at the top of Puncak Penulisan.

Pura Pucak Penulisan is located on top of the hill, made up of several terraces until eleven terrace.
Terraces was intended as a continuation of the cultural aspects of megalithic age pyramid. It is also a complex and Pura Pura Danu Danu Park is located on a terrace to -3, also there are Temple Queen Penyarikan located on a terrace to-4 in the western part of the temple.
The fourth complex, is the Queen Daha Temple is located in the Old West at 16th Terrace.
The latter or complex to-5 is Pura Panarojam lies east of the Peak. This temple complex is the highest compared with the other four complexes. In this temple complex, visitors can see sculptures made from fruit that is believed to come from the era of ancient Bali as megalithic cultural heritage
History of Pura Pucak Penulisan.
Writing temple complex is the entity that built the bronze era, which began at about the year 300 BC. And further to the first millennium AD, namely the 10th century until the end of the power of Majapahit in 1343, this area is dominated by the Kingdom of Pejeng-Bedulu. King makes the rules written on the outskirts of bronze, which proved that men of letters have been received to reconstruct the history of the Kingdom. Many papers that use the basics of Hinduism and Buddhism which contains the basic legal rules.
Inside the temple complex pages that there are several halls of money terttup sculptures as portraits of the King-king Bali, the Empress and his followers. According to data of Archaeology, the history of this temple has been compiled by experts from several inscriptions that starting from the 11th century until the 15th century:
A). Inscription Writing I: Figures for the Year 1011 AD (Caka 933) and its King, mpu BGA Anatah.
B). Indrakila Inscription from Temple Hill (near the village of Kintamani) with numbers in 1016 AD (Caka 938) says people arcanigayan (The origin of Caningan Village, near the village of Dausa in Kintamani) requested the Subsidiary Wungsu their king, attended the memorial ceremony to be held by his wife , Bhatari Sterile. Community Sukawana grant their request.
C). Inscription Writing V: Figures for the Year 1332 Maswhi (Caka 1254) read ............ t (asu), Ra Rachael King Bhumi or Sura Asta Ratna Sri Bhumi Banten.
Rachael King Bhumi Sri Asta Sura Bali Banten was the last king who ordered during the expedition Gajah Mada (1343), which is famous in the 14th century Majapahit Kingdom is a Patih who dreams of uniting the nation.
With the inscription of the Temple Writing conclude that we can know that by the year 1016 AD the temple is used as a place of thanksgiving for the last wife of King Children Wungsu. Continuing as a "mountain sanctury" from the kingdom Pejeng-Bedulu of the 10th century until the expansion of Majapahit in 1343, only Pura Besakih made as "mountain sanctury" for Dynasty Gelgel in Klukung (15th century - 17).

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Pura Gunung Raung (Mount Raung Temple)

Gunung Raung Temple is located between Banjar Taro Kaja and Kelod. This temple became the border of both these Banjar. Taro Village is located in District Tegalalang Gianyar, the generally Pura in Bali Kuna lies in the village in the upstream and downstream villages. Raung Temple Mount is located in the downstream or Teben of Taro Kaja Banjar and the upstream or Luwan Pura Banjar Taro Kaja.The built of this temple have a relation with the history of Dang Hyang Resi Markandya holy journey from East Java to Bali.

In Bali Lontar Tatwa wrote Resi Markandya trip from East Java to Bali. Initially Resi Markandya Damalung boarding in East Java. He held a sacred journey (Tirtha Yatra) towards the east and he arrived at Mount Hyang.Ditempat, he did not get where idial, Resi Markandya continued journey to eastward again. On the way to the east that he found a place on Mt roar this is most of East Java he built hostel for some time. In Dormitory Mount Raung Resi Markandya do Samadi. in his samadi he get a hint for him to travel to the island of Bali. Hint Unseen belau perform. On a good day he made a trip to Bali in 8000 followed by the follower. Until somewhere with his bushy forest camping and building agriculture area.But whatever reason most of his followers got the plague and died. 4000 followers live just.Resi Markandya please return to East Java instructions on Sang Hyang Pati.After troops through Samadi Resi Markandya get a hint that is not givean an offerings to ask permission forest. After that Resi Markandya back to Bali and continue to Mount Agung or also called Carve King. Rsi Markandya followed again by the accompanist, called Wong Age. Up on Mount Agung, he held a ceremony to plant a Panca Datu in the Pura Besakih is Basukian now.Afterwards He build agricultural land carefully to develop agricultural agraris.Development life continue to be done by the party to Mount Resi Markandya Bees. up to the Village Village Puakan.Di this arrangement he entered into the life of farmers such as land distribution dllnya. That village called Village Puakan continue .. There he also held the opening of the agricultural area until at Village sarwa Ada.Setelah all followers get agricultural areas to develop an agrarian life and he built a similar Pasraman on Mt roar back Resi Timur.Setelah Java Markandya get some sage Marandya kesulitan.Untuk it back to Java and hold Samadi. In Samadi that he received instructions to do Samadi on Pasraman him in Bali. After returning to Bali and then he entered Samadi was Resi Markandya see there is light somewhere. Flame that was derived from a tree that lights up. In a burning tree that's Resi Markandya founded the Temple Mount roar now. Because it comes from a tree that lights up the place was eventually named the village of Taro which comes from the word meaning Taru tree.Pura and Pasramanya made similar to the one in Mt roar. That's why Pasraman with the Pura given the name Temple Mount roar in the village of Taro now. In the village of Taro is a white cow reputedly descendants Nandini.Sampai th 1974 Ox-white cow offspring that still have some white-tailed saja.Cow very sacred by residents of the Village Taro.Dang Hyang is seroang Resi Markandya which adopts Waisnawa.Tetapi with a cow white it can be concluded that the Resi Markandya also highly respected presence Siwaistis understand that it is a sect of Hinduism.Sampradaya or sect that is the association of non-formal education to explore the teachings of Hinduism which is a religion that is open to anyone saja.Masing respective Sampradya does have its own trademark as Ista Dewata is selected and the system or method of deepening kerokhanian.But Adikari basically all the same ie Vedic scriptures. Swami Manurut Siwananda spiritual Hinduism prepare dishes to each according degan hidupnya.Karena developments that there is no contradiction in diversity sampradaya system in the Hindu religion.

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Pura Luhur Silayukti (Silayukti Holy Temple)

Pura Khayangan Jagat Pura Luhur Silayukti, located in the village Padangbay, Manggis Karangasem district, at an altitude of 25 m from the sea surface. This temple can be reached by motorcycle or car. Mileage from the district of Karangasem to this temple about 26 km, and about 55 km from Denpasar. The history of Pura Luhur Silayukti, related with a supreme pandhitaMpu Kuturan of religion named Siwa Buddha. He came to Bali is expected by the end of the 10th century.
Based on the discovery of several inscriptions, ancient relics that are still contained in the Bali title also wrote the name of Pandhita Senapati Kuturan. Differences initial term or predicate that states that the Supreme pandhita it a double by profession during his lifetime in Bali. That is as religious clergy, experts philosophy, he was nicknamed by the people with the term "Mpu" and as a state structure experts he obtained his "Senapati" to sign his departure.

Mentioned he Mpu Kuturan come to the island of Bali from the kingdom Kediri in eastern Java, with leaves up the kapu-kapu, wearing banda leaf screen or when, down by the sea of Bali, as well as facing the King Udayana Darmapatni Warmadewa at saka year or the year 915 BC and 993 go to silayukti, earthen village fields, on Wednesday Shiva, Wuku Pahang, in light of Saka 923 or 1001 years BC, and to build a heaven on the Mount Silayukti. The named Sila Yukti derived from the word 'sila' means'precepts' which means rock or base or foundation, while the word 'yukti' means courage. So Silayukti means he (Mpu Kuturan) provide or instill foundations of truth there.
In the inscription Andatatwa explained that Mpu Rajakerta or Kuturan Senapati has made many changes in everything, ranging from the cult, introduced the use statues at Temple, he advocated the use of incantations in Bahasa Bali, and no longer use spells in Sanskrit.
What a remarkable capability that is owned by Mpu Kuturan. Many relics of the Buddhist concept of adoration Ciwa are spiritual works really great for uniting the complexity of the genealogy of the Gods into simple concepts that are very easy to understand and lasting until now. In addition to the concept of Buddha is the largest Ciwa as described above as a reference for all Hindus worship of Dharma in the archipelago. Puseh dalem village concept as a continued application of the concept Ciwa Buddha.

The concept of Catur Loka, the temple worship in each of Pura Kawitan, Dhang Khayangan Temple, Temple of Sad Parahyangan Jagat, and the last Khayangan Jagat.
Forms pelinggih like Meru and so many other results of his creation, but Padmasana revised form by Dhang Hyang Nirartha which is also a descendant of him.
Indeed the history of civilization center in Bali either in culture or cultural, social, political Silayuti centered in the area, because he mpu Kuturan foundations invested a lot of truth there.
Jagat Pura Luhur Khayangan Silayukti, is a common penyungsungan temple as a place of worship Ida Sanghyang Widhi Wasa in its realization as Sanghyang Jagat Karana is the source of the origin of the world.

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